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CHAPTER 947
CRIMES AGAINST PUBLIC PEACE, ORDER AND OTHER INTERESTS
947.01   Disorderly conduct.
947.011   Disrupting a funeral or memorial service.
947.012   Unlawful use of telephone.
947.0125   Unlawful use of computerized communication systems.
947.013   Harassment.
947.015   Bomb scares.
947.017   Threats to release chemical, biological, or radioactive substances.
947.02   Vagrancy.
947.04   Drinking in common carriers.
947.06   Unlawful assemblies and their suppression.
947.07   Causing violence or breach of the peace by damaging or destroying a U.S. flag.
Ch. 947 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See definitions in s. 939.22.
947.01 947.01 Disorderly conduct.
947.01(1)(1) Whoever, in a public or private place, engages in violent, abusive, indecent, profane, boisterous, unreasonably loud or otherwise disorderly conduct under circumstances in which the conduct tends to cause or provoke a disturbance is guilty of a Class B misdemeanor.
947.01(2) (2) Unless other facts and circumstances that indicate a criminal or malicious intent on the part of the person apply, a person is not in violation of, and may not be charged with a violation of, this section for loading, carrying, or going armed with a firearm, without regard to whether the firearm is loaded or is concealed or openly carried.
947.01 History History: 1977 c. 173; 1979 c. 131; 2011 a. 35.
947.01 Annotation The defendant was properly convicted of disorderly conduct when he appeared on a stage wearing a minimum of clothing intending to and succeeding in causing a loud reaction in the audience. State v. Maker, 48 Wis. 2d 612, 180 N.W.2d 707 (1970).
947.01 Annotation An attorney was properly convicted under this section for refusing to leave a ward in a mental hospital until he had seen a client after having made statements in the presence of patients that caused some to become agitated. State v. Elson, 60 Wis. 2d 54, 208 N.W.2d 363 (1973).
947.01 Annotation It was not disorderly conduct for 4 people to enter an office with other members of the public for the purpose of protesting the draft and to refuse to leave on orders of the police when their conduct was not otherwise disturbing. State v. Werstein, 60 Wis. 2d 668, 211 N.W.2d 437 (1973).
947.01 Annotation This statute does not require a victim, but when the disorderly conduct is directed at a person, that person is the victim for the purpose of prosecuting the perpetrator for intimidating a victim under s. 940.44. State v. Vinje, 201 Wis. 2d 98, 548 N.W.2d 118 (Ct. App. 1996), 95-1484.
947.01 Annotation A "true threat" is a statement that a speaker would reasonably foresee that a listener would reasonably interpret as a serious expression of a purpose to inflict harm, as distinguished from hyperbole, jest, innocuous talk, expressions of political views, or other similarly protected speech. It is not necessary that the speaker have the ability to carry out the threat. State v. Perkins, 2001 WI 46, 243 Wis. 2d 141, 626 N.W.2d 762, 99-1924.
947.01 Annotation Purely written speech, even written speech that fails to cause an actual disturbance, can constitute disorderly conduct, but the state has the burden to prove that the speech is constitutionally unprotected "abusive" conduct. "Abusive" conduct is conduct that is injurious, improper, hurtful, offensive, or reproachful. "True threats" clearly fall within the scope of this definition. State v. Douglas D. 2001 WI 47, 243 Wis. 2d 204, 626 N.W.2d 725, 99-1767.
947.01 Annotation Application of the disorderly conduct statute to speech alone is permissible under appropriate circumstances. When speech is not an essential part of any exposition of ideas, when it is utterly devoid of social value, and when it can cause or provoke a disturbance, the disorderly conduct statute can be applicable. State v. A.S. 2001 WI 48, 243 Wis. 2d 173, 626 N.W.2d 712, 99-2317.
947.01 Annotation Disorderly conduct does not necessarily require disruptions that implicate the public directly. This section encompasses conduct that tends to cause a disturbance or disruption that is personal or private in nature, as long as there exists the real possibility that the disturbance or disruption will spill over and disrupt the peace, order, or safety of the surrounding community as well. Sending repeated, unwelcome, and anonymous mailings was "otherwise disorderly conduct." State v. Schwebke, 2002 WI 55, 253 Wis. 2d 1, 644 N.W.2d 666, 99-3204.
947.01 Annotation Defiance of a police officer's order to move is itself disorderly conduct if the order is lawful. Braun v. Baldwin, 346 F.3d 761 (2003).
947.011 947.011 Disrupting a funeral or memorial service.
947.011(1)(1) In this section:
947.011(1)(a) (a) "Facility" includes a cemetery in which a funeral or memorial service takes place.
947.011(1)(b) (b) "Funeral or memorial service" includes a wake or a burial, as defined in s. 157.061 (1), but does not include a service that is not intended to honor or commemorate one or more specific decedents.
947.011(2) (2)
947.011(2)(a)(a) No person may do any of the following during a funeral or memorial service, during the 60 minutes immediately preceding the scheduled starting time of a funeral or memorial service if a starting time has been scheduled, or during the 60 minutes immediately following a funeral or memorial service:
947.011(2)(a)1. 1. Engage in conduct that is prohibited under s. 947.01 (1) within 500 feet of any entrance to a facility being used for the service with the intent to disrupt the service.
947.011(2)(a)2. 2. Intentionally block access to a facility being used for the service.
947.011(2)(b) (b) No person, with the intent to disrupt a funeral procession, may impede vehicles that he or she knows are part of the procession.
947.011(2)(c) (c) No person may do any of the following during a funeral or memorial service, during the 60 minutes immediately preceding the scheduled starting time of a funeral or memorial service if a starting time has been scheduled, or during the 60 minutes immediately following a funeral or memorial service:
947.011(2)(c)1. 1. Engage in conduct that is prohibited under s. 947.01 (1) within 500 feet of any entrance to a facility being used for the service.
947.011(2)(c)2. 2. Block access to a facility being used for the service.
947.011(2)(d) (d) No person may impede vehicles that are part of a funeral procession if the person's conduct violates s. 947.01 (1).
947.011(3) (3)
947.011(3)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), any person who violates this section is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor.
947.011(3)(b) (b) Any person who violates sub. (2) (a) or (b) after having been convicted of a violation of this section is guilty of a Class I felony.
947.011 History History: 2005 a. 114; 2011 a. 35.
947.012 947.012 Unlawful use of telephone.
947.012(1) (1) Whoever does any of the following is guilty of a Class B misdemeanor:
947.012(1)(a) (a) With intent to frighten, intimidate, threaten, abuse or harass, makes a telephone call and threatens to inflict injury or physical harm to any person or the property of any person.
947.012(1)(b) (b) With intent to frighten, intimidate, threaten or abuse, telephones another and uses any obscene, lewd or profane language or suggests any lewd or lascivious act.
947.012(1)(c) (c) Makes a telephone call, whether or not conversation ensues, without disclosing his or her identity and with intent to abuse or threaten any person at the called number.
947.012(2) (2) Whoever does any of the following is subject to a Class B forfeiture:
947.012(2)(a) (a) With intent to harass or offend, telephones another and uses any obscene, lewd or profane language or suggests any lewd or lascivious act.
947.012(2)(b) (b) Makes or causes the telephone of another repeatedly to ring, with intent to harass any person at the called number.
947.012(2)(c) (c) Makes repeated telephone calls, whether or not conversation ensues, with intent solely to harass any person at the called number.
947.012(2)(d) (d) Makes a telephone call, whether or not conversation ensues, without disclosing his or her identity and with intent to harass any person at the called number.
947.012(2)(e) (e) Knowingly permits any telephone under his or her control to be used for any purpose prohibited by this section.
947.012 History History: 1979 c. 131; 1991 a. 39.
947.0125 947.0125 Unlawful use of computerized communication systems.
947.0125(1)(1) In this section, "message" means any transfer of signs, signals, writing, images, sounds, data or intelligence of any nature, or any transfer of a computer program, as defined in s. 943.70 (1) (c).
947.0125(2) (2) Whoever does any of the following is guilty of a Class B misdemeanor:
947.0125(2)(a) (a) With intent to frighten, intimidate, threaten, abuse or harass another person, sends a message to the person on an electronic mail or other computerized communication system and in that message threatens to inflict injury or physical harm to any person or the property of any person.
947.0125(2)(b) (b) With intent to frighten, intimidate, threaten, abuse or harass another person, sends a message on an electronic mail or other computerized communication system with the reasonable expectation that the person will receive the message and in that message threatens to inflict injury or physical harm to any person or the property of any person.
947.0125(2)(c) (c) With intent to frighten, intimidate, threaten or abuse another person, sends a message to the person on an electronic mail or other computerized communication system and in that message uses any obscene, lewd or profane language or suggests any lewd or lascivious act.
947.0125(2)(d) (d) With intent to frighten, intimidate, threaten or abuse another person, sends a message on an electronic mail or other computerized communication system with the reasonable expectation that the person will receive the message and in that message uses any obscene, lewd or profane language or suggests any lewd or lascivious act.
947.0125(2)(e) (e) With intent to frighten, intimidate, threaten or abuse another person, sends a message to the person on an electronic mail or other computerized communication system while intentionally preventing or attempting to prevent the disclosure of his or her own identity.
947.0125(2)(f) (f) While intentionally preventing or attempting to prevent the disclosure of his or her identity and with intent to frighten, intimidate, threaten or abuse another person, sends a message on an electronic mail or other computerized communication system with the reasonable expectation that the person will receive the message.
947.0125(3) (3) Whoever does any of the following is subject to a Class B forfeiture:
947.0125(3)(a) (a) With intent to harass, annoy or offend another person, sends a message to the person on an electronic mail or other computerized communication system and in that message uses any obscene, lewd or profane language or suggests any lewd or lascivious act.
947.0125(3)(b) (b) With intent to harass, annoy or offend another person, sends a message on an electronic mail or other computerized communication system with the reasonable expectation that the person will receive the message and in that message uses any obscene, lewd or profane language or suggests any lewd or lascivious act.
947.0125(3)(c) (c) With intent solely to harass another person, sends repeated messages to the person on an electronic mail or other computerized communication system.
947.0125(3)(d) (d) With intent solely to harass another person, sends repeated messages on an electronic mail or other computerized communication system with the reasonable expectation that the person will receive the messages.
947.0125(3)(e) (e) With intent to harass or annoy another person, sends a message to the person on an electronic mail or other computerized communication system while intentionally preventing or attempting to prevent the disclosure of his or her own identity.
947.0125(3)(f) (f) While intentionally preventing or attempting to prevent the disclosure of his or her identity and with intent to harass or annoy another person, sends a message on an electronic mail or other computerized communication system with the reasonable expectation that the person will receive the message.
947.0125(3)(g) (g) Knowingly permits or directs another person to send a message prohibited by this section from any computer terminal or other device that is used to send messages on an electronic mail or other computerized communication system and that is under his or her control.
947.0125 History History: 1995 a. 353.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 200 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before April 18, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after April 18, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 4-18-14)