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Register January 2012 No. 673
Chapter DHS 178
CAMPGROUNDS
DHS 178.01   Authority and purpose.
DHS 178.02   Scope.
DHS 178.03   Definitions.
DHS 178.04   Plan approval.
DHS 178.05   Permits.
DHS 178.06   Department fees.
DHS 178.07   Enforcement.
DHS 178.08   Suspension or revocation of permit.
DHS 178.09   Appeals of actions by the department.
DHS 178.10   Appeals of actions by agent health departments.
DHS 178.11   Physical layout.
DHS 178.12   Water supply.
DHS 178.13   Sewage disposal system.
DHS 178.14   Toilets.
DHS 178.15   Sanitary station.
DHS 178.16   Toilet or shower building.
DHS 178.17   Garbage and refuse.
DHS 178.18   Fire protection.
DHS 178.19   Rental.
DHS 178.20   Management.
DHS 178.21   Special event campgrounds.
Ch. DHS 178 Note Note: Chapter H 78 as it existed on August 31, 1978 was repealed and a new chapter H 78 was created effective September 1, 1978. Chapter H 78 was renumbered chapter HSS 178, effective June 1, 1982; chapter HSS 178 as it existed on October 31, 1985 was repealed and a new chapter HSS 178 was created effective November 1, 1985. Chapter HSS 178 was renumbered chapter HFS 178 under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 1., Stats., corrections made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 6. and 7., Stats., Register, January, 1997, No. 493. Chapter HFS 178 was renumbered chapter DHS 178 effective February 1, 2009, and corrections made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register January 2009 No. 637.
DHS 178.01 DHS 178.01 Authority and purpose. This chapter is promulgated under the authority of ss. 250.04 (1) and (7) and 254.47, Stats., to regulate the maintenance and operation of campgrounds in order to protect the health and safety of the public.
DHS 178.01 History History: Cr. Register, August, 1992, No. 440, eff. 9-1-92; correction made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, January, 1995, No. 469; CR 08-073: renum. from HFS 178.01 Register January 2009 No. 637, eff. 2-1-09.
DHS 178.02 DHS 178.02 Scope.
DHS 178.02(1)(1) Applicability. This chapter applies to the operator of any campground, except that only ss. DHS 178.17 (1) through (5) and 178.21 apply to special event campgrounds.
DHS 178.02(2) (2)Approved comparable compliance.
DHS 178.02(2)(a)(a) The department may approve an alternative to a method, practice, material, equipment or design required under this chapter that will not be contrary to public health, safety or welfare when the department is provided with satisfactory proof that the alternative will achieve results which are closely equivalent to the results of literal application of the requirement under this chapter.
DHS 178.02(2)(b) (b) An alternative approved by the department under par. (a) may be made conditional for:
DHS 178.02(2)(b)1. 1. A defined period of time; or
DHS 178.02(2)(b)2. 2. Experimental or trial purposes.
DHS 178.02 History History: Cr. Register, August, 1992, No. 440, eff. 9-1-92; CR 08-073: renum. from HFS 178.02 Register January 2009 No. 637, eff. 2-1-09; corrections in (1) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register January 2009 No. 637.
DHS 178.03 DHS 178.03 Definitions. In this chapter:
DHS 178.03(1) (1) "Agent" means the city, county or village designated by the department under s. 254.69 (2), Stats., and ch. DHS 192 to issue permits to and make investigations or inspections of campgrounds.
DHS 178.03(2) (2) "Approved" means acceptable to the department, based on its determination of conformance with this chapter and good public health practices.
DHS 178.03(3) (3) "Campground" means any parcel or tract of land owned by a person, the state or a local government, which is designed, maintained, intended or used for the purpose of providing sites for nonpermanent overnight use by 4 or more camping units, or by one to 3 camping units if the parcel or tract of land is represented as a campground.
DHS 178.03(4) (4) "Camping unit" means any portable device, no more than 400 square feet in area, used as a temporary dwelling, including but not limited to a camping trailer, motor home, bus, van, pick-up truck or tent.
DHS 178.03(5) (5) "Department" means the Wisconsin department of health services.
DHS 178.03(6) (6) "Dependent camping unit" means a camping unit without a toilet and which therefore depends on campground toilets.
DHS 178.03(7) (7) "Group campsite" means a piece of land within the campground for overnight camping use by more than 6 campers.
DHS 178.03(8) (8) "Independent camping unit" means a camping unit which contains, at a minimum, a water storage facility and a toilet facility which discharges to a liquid waste holding tank that is an integral part of the unit or to a sewage disposal system.
DHS 178.03(9) (9) "Individual campsite" means a piece of land within a campground for overnight camping use by not more than 6 campers unless all are members of an individual family.
DHS 178.03(10) (10) "Individual family" means the principal campsite occupant and persons related to that person as spouse, child, parent, grandparent, sibling or grandchild, or the spouse's child, parent, grandparent, sibling or grandchild.
DHS 178.03(11) (11) "Operator" means the owner of a campground or the person responsible to the owner for the operation of the campground.
DHS 178.03(12) (12) "Permanent structure" means a structure resting on its own foundation and not intended to be part of the camping unit as it is in transit.
DHS 178.03(13) (13) "Person" means, for purposes of issuing a permit, an individual, partnership, association, firm, company, corporation, municipality, county, town or state agency, whether tenant, owner, lessee or licensee, or the agent, heir or assignee of any of these.
DHS 178.03(14) (14) "Sanitary station" means a facility connected to approved sewerage, and designed for receiving liquid and water-carried waste from camping unit holding tanks.
DHS 178.03(15) (15) "Shelter unit" means a structure located on an individual or group campsite which is designed only to protect occupants from the elements and does not have a permanent water supply, a sewage system, electricity, or heating and cooking facilities.
DHS 178.03(16) (16) "Special event" means a single event such as a fair, rally or festival involving the gathering of camping units for a maximum of 7 consecutive nights.
DHS 178.03(17) (17) "Temporary dwelling" means a dwelling occupied no more than 4 continuous months in a 12 month period.
DHS 178.03(18) (18) "Vault toilet" means a structure not connected to a water supply system, which is used by persons for the deposit of human body wastes.
DHS 178.03 History History: Cr. Register, August, 1992, No. 440, eff. 9-1-92; correction in (1) made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Register, January, 1995, No. 469; correction in (1) made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, August, 1998, No. 512; CR 08-073: renum. from HFS 178.03 and am. (5) Register January 2009 No. 637, eff. 2-1-09; correction in (1) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register January 2009 No. 637.
DHS 178.04 DHS 178.04 Plan approval. The operator shall submit plans and specifications for a new or expanded campground to the department for examination and approval before beginning construction or modification. No change in plans or specifications which involves any provision of this chapter may be made unless the change is approved and dated by the department.
DHS 178.04 Note Note: Operators should consult the department of safety and professional services as well as local building and zoning regulations before commencing construction or modification.
DHS 178.04 History History: Cr. Register, August, 1992, No. 440, eff. 9-1-92; CR 08-073: renum. from HFS 178.04 Register January 2009 No. 637, eff. 2-1-09.
DHS 178.05 DHS 178.05 Permits.
DHS 178.05(1)(1) Permit required.
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