Except as otherwise provided in sub. (2)
and in ss. 103.21
, 938.245 (2) (a) 5. b.
, 938.32 (1t) (a) 2.
and 938.34 (5) (b)
and (5g) (c)
, and as may be provided under s. 103.79
, a minor, unless indentured as an apprentice in accordance with s. 106.01
, or unless 12 years and over and engaged in agricultural pursuits, or unless 14 years and over and enrolled in a youth apprenticeship program under s. 106.13
, shall not be employed or permitted to work at any gainful occupation or employment unless there is first obtained from the department or a permit officer a written permit authorizing the employment of the minor within those periods of time stated in the permit, which shall not exceed the maximum hours prescribed by law.
Minors may be employed without permits in any employment limited to work in or around a home in work usual to the home of the employer, if the employment is not in connection with or a part of the business, trade or profession of the employer, is in accordance with the minimum age stated in s. 103.67 (2) (d)
and is not specifically prohibited by ss. 103.64
or by any order of the department.
Under the neighborhood youth corps program authorized by the economic opportunity act of 1964, all enrollees of this federally sponsored and locally administered program are employes and must be covered by suitable work permits unless exempt because of age or the nature of their activities. The department does not have the authority to waive the permit fee, there being no statutory exemption. 62 Atty. Gen. 256.
Conditions for issuance of permits. 103.71(1)
Except as provided in s. 103.78
, a permit shall not be issued authorizing any minor 14 to 18 years of age to be employed during the hours that the minor is required to attend school under s. 118.15
, unless the minor has completed high school. The department and its permit officers shall accept as evidence of the minor's completion of high school either:
A diploma or certificate to this effect issued by the superintendent of public schools or by the principal of the public school last attended by such minor, or in the absence of both the aforementioned persons by the clerk of the proper school board; or
A diploma or certificate to this effect issued by the superintendent of the parochial school system or by the principal of the parochial or private school last attended by such minor. Such superintendent, principal or clerk shall issue such diploma or certificate upon receipt of any application in behalf of any minor entitled thereto. As used in this paragraph the term "school district" shall apply to all regularly constituted school districts, including union free high school districts.
No permit may be issued authorizing the employment of any minor under 14 years of age at any time, except for:
The employment of minors 11 to 13 years of age as ball monitors at high school football games as provided in s. 103.67 (2) (i)
The employment of minors 12 years of age and over:
No permit may be issued under sub. (2) (b) 4.
, unless the department or permit officer is satisfied that employment under s. 103.67 (2) (g)
is not injurious or detrimental to the minor's education, health, safety or welfare.
Refusal and revocation of permits. 103.72(1)
The department or permit officer may refuse to grant permits in the case of minors who seem physically unable to perform the labor at which they are to be employed. They may also refuse to grant a permit if in their judgment the best interests of the minor would be served by that refusal.
Whenever it appears to the department that a permit has been improperly or illegally issued, or that the physical or moral welfare or school attendance of the minor would be best served by the revocation of the permit or that the failing school performance of the minor would be remedied by the revocation of the permit, the department may immediately, without notice, revoke the permit. The department shall revoke a permit if ordered to do so under s. 938.342 (1) (e)
. If the department revokes a permit, the department shall, by registered mail, notify the person employing the minor and the minor holding the permit of the revocation. Upon receipt of the notice, the employer employing the minor shall immediately return the revoked permit to the department and discontinue the employment of the minor.
History: 1995 a. 77
Form and requisites of permit; as evidence. 103.73(1)(1)
The permit provided under s. 103.70
shall state the name and the date and place of birth of the minor and that the following evidence, records and papers have been examined, approved and filed:
Such evidence as is required by the department showing the age of the minor. The department shall formulate and publish rules and regulations governing the proof of age of minors who apply for labor permits, and such rules and regulations shall bind all persons authorized by law to issue such permits.
A letter written on the regular letterhead or other business paper used by the person who desires to employ the minor, stating the intention of the person to employ the minor and signed by the person or someone duly authorized by the person.
The permits provided under s. 103.70
shall be issued upon blanks furnished by the department.
A child labor permit duly issued shall be conclusive evidence of the age of the minor for whom it was issued in any proceeding under any of the labor laws and under ch. 102
, as to any act or thing occurring subsequent to the date such permit was issued.
Duties of employers of minors.
Every employer employing a minor under 18 for whom a permit is required, except in street trades, shall:
Receive and file a child labor permit authorizing employment of the minor by him or her before the minor is permitted to do any work, and shall keep the permit on file and allow inspection of the permit at any time by the department or any school attendance officer. A permit shall be valid only for the employer for whom issued.
Keep a record for each employed minor's name, address, date of birth, the time of beginning and ending work and the time for meals each day and the total hours worked each day and each week.
Certificates of age. 103.75(1)(1)
The department or persons designated by it may issue certificates of age for minors under rules the department deems necessary. The certificate is conclusive evidence of the age of the minor to whom issued in any proceeding under any of the labor laws and under ch. 102
as to any act or thing occurring subsequent to the date the certificate was issued.
Any person who knowingly offers or assists in offering false evidence of age for the purpose of obtaining an age certificate or who alters, forges, fraudulently obtains, uses, or refuses to surrender upon demand of the department a certificate of age may be fined not more than $100 or imprisoned not to exceed 3 months.
Proof of age in court.
Whenever in any proceeding in any court under any of the labor laws or under ch. 102
there is any doubt of the age of a minor a duly issued child labor permit or age certificate shall be conclusive evidence. In the absence of such permit or certificate a duly attested birth certificate or a verified baptismal certificate shall be produced and filed with the court. Upon proof that the birth or baptismal certificate cannot be secured, the record of age stated in the first school enrollment of the child shall be admissible as evidence thereof.
History: 1975 c. 147
; 1979 c. 89
Minors in public exhibitions, radio and television broadcasts, modeling. 103.78(1)
Nothing contained in ss. 103.64
shall be construed as forbidding any minor under 18 years of age to appear for the purpose of singing, playing or performing in any studio, circus, theatrical or musical exhibition, concert or festival, in radio and television broadcasts, or as a live or photographic model. Labor permits shall not be required for such employment or appearances but no minor under 18 years of age shall be so employed except under the following conditions:
The activities enumerated shall not be detrimental to the life, health, safety or welfare of the minor.
The activities enumerated shall not interfere with the schooling of the minor and provision for education equivalent to full-time school attendance in the public schools for minors under 16 years of age and part-time attendance for minors 16 to 18 years of age shall be made for those minors who are not high school graduates.
A parent or guardian shall accompany each minor under 16 years of age at all rehearsals, appearances and performances.
The employment or appearance shall not be in a roadhouse, cabaret, dance hall, night club, tavern or other similar place. This prohibition does not apply to:
Minors presenting musical entertainment at dances held in any hall on Friday, Saturday or on any other day not followed by a school day or before midnight on Sunday, if the hall was rented for the purpose of celebrating a special event, including but not limited to a wedding, holiday, birthday or anniversary.
Dances held solely for minors conducted by private clubs or civic organizations where admission is limited to the membership of the club or by their invitation and the general public is excluded.
Performances by minors in theatrical performances at dinner theaters.
The penalties in s. 103.82 (3)
apply to any parent or guardian who suffers or permits a minor to engage in activities in violation of this section.
Treble the amount of compensation otherwise recoverable as provided in s. 102.60 (4)
and wage loss as provided in s. 102.60 (6)
are payable to a minor injured during the course of the minor's employment or appearance in violation of this section.
Minor golf caddies. 103.79(1)(1)
Any minor on a golf course for the purpose of caddying for or while caddying for a person permitted to play golf on such course shall be deemed an employe of the golf club or other person, partnership, association or corporation, including the state and any municipal corporation or other political subdivision thereof, operating such golf course.
The department may investigate and fix by general or special order reasonable regulations relative to the employment of minors as caddies on golf courses. The regulations may include a waiver or modification of permit requirements for caddies. The investigations and orders shall be made as provided under s. 103.005
. The orders are subject to review as provided in ch. 227
The department and school attendance officers shall visit and inspect at all reasonable times, and as often as possible, all places covered by ss. 103.64
The failure of any employer to produce for inspection to the department, or school attendance officers, the permit provided for in s. 103.70
shall be prima facie evidence of unlawful employment of the minor. The presence of any minor in any factory, workshop or other place of employment shall be prima facie evidence of the employment of the minor.
History: 1979 c. 298
Fees; permits and certificates of age. 103.805(1)
The department shall fix and collect a reasonable fee based on the cost of issuance of permits under ss. 103.25
and certificates of age under s. 103.75
. The department may authorize the retention of the fees by the person designated to issue permits and certificates of age as compensation for the person's services if the person is not on the payroll of the division administering this chapter. The permit officer shall account for all fees collected as the department prescribes.
The fee for issuance of permits and certificates of age shall be paid by the employer, but when the minor advances the fee to the permit officer the minor shall be reimbursed by the minor's employer not later than at the end of the minor's first pay period.
History: 1971 c. 271
; 1993 a. 492
Advertising; penalty. 103.81(1)
During the term that the public schools are in session, a person shall not advertise or cause or permit any advertisement to be published in any newspaper for the labor or services of any minor during school hours in any employment for which a child labor permit is required under s. 103.70
which does not specifically state the minimum age of the minor whose services are desired, which age must be 18 years or over.
A person shall not solicit in the schools or homes of this state, minors of permit age to leave school and enter their employment, if a child labor permit is required for that employment by s. 103.70
Any person who violates this section shall forfeit and pay into the state treasury not less than $10 nor more than $100 for each such offense. Every day during which any person violates this section shall constitute a separate and distinct offense.
History: 1971 c. 271
Any employer who employs or permits any minor to work in any employment in violation of ss. 103.64
, or of any order of the department issued under those sections, or who hinders or delays the department or school attendance officers in the performance of their duties, or who refuses to admit or locks out the officer from any place required to be inspected under ss. 103.64
may be required to forfeit not less than $25 nor more than $1,000 for each day of the first offense and, for the 2nd or subsequent violation of ss. 103.64
within 5 years, as measured from the dates the violations initially occurred, may be fined not less than $250 nor more than $5,000 for each day of the 2nd or subsequent offense or imprisoned not more than 30 days or both.
In addition to the penalties provided in par. (a)
, any employer who employs any minor in violation of s. 103.68
, or rules of the department shall be liable, in addition to the wages paid, to pay to each minor affected, an amount equal to twice the regular rate of pay as liquidated damages, for all hours worked in violation per day or per week, whichever is greater.
Any parent or guardian who permits a minor under his or her control to be employed or to work in violation of ss. 103.64
, or of any order of the department issued under those sections, may be required to forfeit not less than $10 nor more than $250 for each day of the first offense and, for the 2nd or subsequent violation of ss. 103.64
within 5 years, as measured from the dates the violations initially occurred, may be required to forfeit not less than $25 nor more than $1,000 for each day of the 2nd or subsequent offense.
Discriminatory acts; employment of minors. Section 111.322 (2m)
applies to discharge and other discriminatory acts against an employe arising in connection with any proceeding to enforce ss. 103.64
History: 1989 a. 228
One day of rest in seven. 103.85(1)
Every employer of labor, whether a person, partnership or corporation, who owns or operates any factory or mercantile establishment in this state, shall allow every person, except those specified in sub. (2)
, employed in such factory or mercantile establishment, at least 24 consecutive hours of rest in every 7 consecutive days and shall not permit any such person to work for such employer during such 24 consecutive hour period, except in case of breakdown of machinery or equipment, or other emergency, requiring the immediate services of experienced and competent labor to prevent serious injury to person, damage to property, or suspension of necessary operations, when such experienced and competent labor is not otherwise immediately available. This shall not authorize any work on Sunday not now authorized by law.
This section does not apply to:
Persons employed in the manufacture of butter, cheese or other dairy products or in the distribution of milk or cream, or in canneries and freezers.
Persons employed in bakeries, flour and feed mills, hotels, and restaurants.
Employes whose duties include no work on Sunday other than:
Any labor called for by an emergency that could not reasonably have been anticipated.
Every employer shall keep a time book showing the names and addresses of all employes and the hours worked by each of them in each day, and such time book shall be open to inspection by the department.